Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Fabales

Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae - Legume family

Leguminosae subfam. Papilionoideae

Papilionaceae

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007) Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3)

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Schrire, B.D. (2012) Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) 1-245

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, climbers or, most often, herbs. Leaves alternate, most often pinnate or pinnately 3-foliolate, less often digitately 3-foliolate, occasionally 1-foliolate, simple or digitate; pulvinus always present at the base of each leaflet, and usually present at base of petiole. Inflorescences of racemes or panicles, less often umbellate, capitate or spicate. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, with a large, often erect, adaxial petal (standard), two lateral petals (wings) parallel with each other, and two lower petals, which are often connate by their lower margins to form a keel. Sepals united at base. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, either all fused (monadelphous) or 1 free and 9 fused (diadelphous) or rarely all free. Pods various. Seeds without areoles.

Comment: Nowadays combined with the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Mimosoideae into the large family FABACEAE or LEGUMINOSAE. However, as all three are extensive and distinctive groups, it is still preferred to deal with them in separate lists.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Mozambique: 21 cultivated genera and 23 cultivated taxa.

Erythrina crista-galli

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Ateleia (DC.) Benth.Image
Cajanus DC.Description
Canavalia DC.Description
Centrosema (DC.) Benth.Description
Clitoria L.Description
Crotalaria L.Description
Cyamopsis DC.Description
Dalbergia L.f.Description
Erythrina L.Description, Image
Lathyrus L.Description
Lens Mill.Description
Lonchocarpus KunthDescription
Medicago L.Description
Melilotus Mill.Description
Millettia Wight & Arn.Description, Image
Pisum L.Description
Pterocarpus Jacq.Description
Retama Raf.
Trifolium L.Description
Trigonella L.Description
Vigna SaviDescription

Other sources of information about Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated plants: Family page: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=165, retrieved 19 August 2017

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