7407.000 Solanum L. - Nightshades

LYCOPERSICON Mill.

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs, climbers or trees, unarmed or spiny, often stellate-hairy. Stipules 0, but Solanum mauritianum has prominent pseudostipules. Leaves alternate, entire, lobed to pinnatisect or pinnate. Inflorescences often extra-axillary, mostly racemose or umbellate cymes or terminal panicles. Calyx (4-)5-10-toothed or lobed, not or only slightly enlarging in fruit. Corolla often rotate, (4-)5(-6)-lobed, white, yellow, blue or purple. Filaments shorter than anthers; anthers often connivent, dehiscing by apical pores, Ovary 2(-4)-locular. Fruit a ± spherical berry.

Derivation of name: Ex Latin; solamen, quieting, alluding to the sedative properties

Worldwide: 1700 species, more or less cosmopolitan, especially in warm countries

Mozambique: 5 cultivated taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
Antigastra catalaunalis (Red-veined pearl)
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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
aethiopicum L.
lycopersicum L.Description, Image
mammosum L.
melongena L.
wendlandii Hook. f.

Other sources of information about Solanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Solanum
Flora of Caprivi: Solanum
Flora of Malawi: Solanum
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Solanum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum
Flora of Zambia: Solanum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Solanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated plants: genus page: Solanum.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1249, retrieved 17 November 2017

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