Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Hyacinthaceae

Stedje, B. (1996) Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs. Leaves in a basal rosette from the apex of the bulb (in Bowiea and Schizobasis, leaves 0 or much reduced), with or without spots, sometimes papillose or hairy. Inflorescence a raceme or spike on a leafless peduncle (but in Bowiea and Schizobasis much-branched and complex). Flowers greenish to white or yellowish, purplish to purple or blue, often with a green or dark midrib. Perianth segments 6, free or fused into a tube. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 1-many ovules per loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds black, sometimes winged.

Comment: The genera included by us under Hyacinthaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 770 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially Mediterranean region and South Africa.

Mozambique: 13 genera and 33 taxa.

No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Albuca L.Description
Bowiea Harv. ex Hook. f.Description
Dipcadi Medik.Description
Drimia Jacq. ex Willd.Description
Drimiopsis Lindl. & PaxtonDescription
Eucomis L'Hér.Description, Image
Ledebouria RothDescription
Merwilla Speta
Ornithogalum L.Description
Schizobasis BakerDescription
Schizocarphus Van der MerweImage
Scilla L.Description
Urginea Steinh.

Other sources of information about Hyacinthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Hyacinthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hyacinthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Hyacinthaceae.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=101, retrieved 28 April 2017

Site software last modified: 26 December 2016 8:46pm
Terms of use