Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Description of the family

Perennial, biennial or annual herbs, subshrubs or shrubs; usually root-hemiparasites (with chlorophyll) or holoparasites (without chlorophyll). Leaves simple, opposite or alternate (spiral), scale-like in holoparasites; margins entire, toothed or deeply lobed. Venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescence of racemes, spikes or rarely solitary flowers. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Sepals fused. Petals fused, imbricate, 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed. Ovary superior; carpels fused. Seed a loculicidal or septicidal capsule, rarely a drupe, berry or schizocarp.

Comment: The genera in this family until recently were considered part of Scrophulariaceae sensu lato. Recent research established they are a monophyletic group of hemiparasitic species forming a distinct family.

Worldwide: c. 98 genera and 2000 species, more or less cosmopolitan but especially in temperate Eurasia, tropical Africa, North America and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Mozambique: 13 genera and 45 taxa.

Alectra dunensis

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Alectra Thunb.Description, Image
Buchnera L.Description, Image
Buttonia McKen ex Benth.Description
Cistanche Hoffm. & LinkDescription
Cycnium E. Mey. ex Benth.Description
Gerardiina Engl.Description, Image
Graderia Benth.Description, Image
Harveya Hook.Description, Image
Micrargeria Benth.Description
Orobanche L.Description
Rhamphicarpa Benth.Description, Image
Sopubia Buch-Ham. ex D. DonDescription
Striga Lour.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Orobanchaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Malawi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Zambia: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orobanchaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Orobanchaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Orobanchaceae.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=290, retrieved 21 November 2017

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