Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malpighiales

Achariaceae

Flacourtiaceae p.p.

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Wild, H. (1960) Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1)

Description of the family

Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, alternate. Petioles often swollen at base. Stipules present. Inflorescence of axillary solitary flowers, panicles, racemes or fascicles, sometimes cauliflorous. Flowers actinomorphic, disk absent. Perianth spirally arranged of distinct sepals and petals. Sepals and petals free or basally fused; petals often white or papery or with a conspicuous basal scale. Stamens opposite the petals or irregularly placed, filaments usually free. Ovary superior; carpels fused, placentation parietal. Fruit a berry or capsule; often warty, winged or with bristles or spines.

Comment: According to the most recent taxonomic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG-III), this family includes a number of genera formerly placed within the now defunct family Flacourtiaceae. Kiggelaria has tentatively been placed here as well but its true relationships are still unclear.

The SABONET Report nr 30 (da Silva, Izidine & Amude, 2004: 74) lists Hydnocarpus venenata for Mozambique. This has to be in error since it concerns a species endemic to Sri Lanka and even the genus is entirely Asian.

Worldwide: 32 genera and 150 species, mainly in tropical Africa and Asia with some genera in the neotropics.

Mozambique: 4 genera and 7 taxa.

Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Buchnerodendron G├╝rkeDescription, Image
Kiggelaria L.Description
Rawsonia Harv. & Sond.Description
Xylotheca Hochst.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Achariaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Achariaceae
Flora of Malawi: Achariaceae
Flora of Zambia: Achariaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Achariaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Achariaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Achariaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Achariaceae.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=300, retrieved 25 September 2017

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