7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 200 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Mozambique: 41 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy)
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector)
Plectranthus caudatus

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
alboviolaceus GürkeZ
amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.N,M
annuus A.J. Paton MS
autranii (Briq.) Erhardt, Götz & SeyboldMSImage
baumii GürkeNDescription, Image
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeMSDescription, Image
calycinus Benth.M
caudatus S. Moore[NrEnd][LR-nt]MSImage
chimanimaniensis S. Moore[NrEnd]MSImage
cucullatus A.J. Paton N
densus A.J. Paton N
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonMSDescription, Image
esculentus N.E. Br.N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
fruticosus L'Hér.M
gracilis Suess.N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
gracillimus (T.C.E. Fr.) Hutch. & DandyN,MSDescription, Image
guruensis A.J. Paton Z
hadiensis (Forssk.) Spreng.N,MSDescription, Image
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonZ,MSDescription, Image
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenN,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
laxiflorus Benth.Z,MSDescription, Image
leptophyllus (Baker) A.J. PatonMS
madagascariensis (Pers.) Benth.GI
melleri Baker Z
montanus Benth. MS
neochilus Schltr.T,MSDescription, Image
petiolaris Benth.M
psammophilus CoddGI,M
pubescens BakerN,T
sanguineus BrittenN,Z,MSDescription, Image
sessilifolius A.J. Paton[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonZ,MSDescription, Image
spicatus Benth.M
stenophyllus BakerNDescription, Image
stenosiphon BakerN,Z,MSDescription, Image
swynnertonii S. MooreMSDescription, Image
tetragonus GürkeN
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewMSDescription, Image
verticillatus (L.f.) DruceM
vesicularis A.J. Paton N
viphyensis Brummitt & Seyani subsp. viphyensis N

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus
Flora of Zambia: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Plectranthus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 17 November 2017

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