Sarcocornia A.J. Scott

Townsend, C.C. (1988) Amaranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1)

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous, seemingly leafless, apparently built up of numerous, superposed, more or less tubular segments succulent and usually green or greenish to reddish, ultimately shrivelling and falling away from the stem; each segment at apex forming a little cup, usually with two short teeth or lobes, embracing the base of the next higher segment. Fertile segments aggregated into spikes at ends of stem and lateral branches. Spikes persistent or breaking up irregularly, not regularly disarticulating. Flowers minute 3 (7–12) together in a cluster, a pair of clusters to each fertile segment, the clusters on opposite sides and flush with the segments. Perianth minutely and irregularly 3-lobed at apex, or more usually on a truncate flattened lateral shield. Seeds with soft membranous testa, minutely hairy or papillose. Embryo folded so that radicle and cotyledonous point downwards.

Worldwide: 15 species, in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas.

Mozambique: 4 taxa.

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SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
decumbens (Tolken) A.J. ScottM
mossambicensis BrenanGI
natalensis (Bunge ex Ungern-Sternb.) A.J. ScottM
perennis (Mill.) A.J. ScottZ

Other sources of information about Sarcocornia:

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sarcocornia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sarcocornia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sarcocornia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sarcocornia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sarcocornia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Sarcocornia.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=2257, retrieved 13 December 2017

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