Davallia chaerophylloides (Poir.) Steud.

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Davallia chaerophylloides

Photo: Petra Ballings
Levasflor, Cheringoma.

Davallia chaerophylloides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Khodzue Gorge system, Cheringoma

Davallia chaerophylloides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Khodzue Gorge system, Cheringoma

Davallia chaerophylloides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Khodzue Gorge system, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Davallia denticulata (Burm.f.) Mett. ex Kuhn var. intermedia Mett. ex Kuhn
Davallia nitidula Kunze
Davallia vogelii Hook.
Humata chaerophylloides (Poir.) Desv.
Trichomanes chaerophylloides Poir.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome stout, woody, up to 15 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale golden brown, peltate, narrowly lanceolate, hairpointed, up to 8 mm long with paler margins. Fronds widely spaced, arching, thinly coriaceous. Stipe up to 44 cm long, firm, wiry, glabrous at maturity, with scales similar to those on the rhizome, at the extreme base. Lamina 20-70 × 20-50 cm, 4- to 5-pinnatifid, triangular in outline. Pinnae alternate, with petiole up to 3 cm long; basal pinnae largest and developed basiscopically, others progressively smaller upwards. Ultimate segments pinnatifid, 5-7 lobed, cuneate, obtuse, glabrous, distal margins deeply toothed. Rhachis and secondary rhachis glabrous, slightly winged towards the apices. Sori up to 1 mm in diameter, solitary, terminal on segments and on vein ends, variously subtented by 1 or 2 blunt or sharp teeth, covered by a pouchlike membranous, entire indusia.
Notes: The combination of the finely divided fronds, the epiphytic or lithophytic habit and the cup-shaped sori separates this species from others.
Derivation of specific name: chaerophylloides: like Chaerophyllum, a genus of the Apiaceae, whose finely divided leaves are not unlike those of this Davallia.
Habitat: Epiphytic or lithophytic , in moist and seasonally dry forest, shade or exposed.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, south to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and eastern South Africa. Also on the Comoro and Mascarene islands, Madagascar ans the Seychelles.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,M
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 19 June 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 209 - 210. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 532 - 533. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10. As Davallia denticulata

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 327 - 328. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6. As Davallia denticulata var. denticulata

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 110. As Davallia denticulata var. denticulata (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 107.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 167. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Davallia chaerophylloides:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Davallia chaerophylloides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Davallia chaerophylloides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Davallia chaerophylloides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Davallia chaerophylloides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Davallia chaerophylloides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Davallia chaerophylloides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Davallia chaerophylloides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Davallia chaerophylloides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Davallia chaerophylloides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Davallia chaerophylloides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Davallia chaerophylloides
Ispot Southern Africa: Davallia chaerophylloides
JSTOR Plant Science: Davallia chaerophylloides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Davallia chaerophylloides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Davallia chaerophylloides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Davallia chaerophylloides
Tropicos: Davallia chaerophylloides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Davallia chaerophylloides.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101610, retrieved 25 November 2017

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