Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herb.

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Boophone disticha

Photo: Fraser Gear
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

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Synonyms: Boophane disticha (L.f.) Herb.
Boophone toxicaria (L.f.) Herb.
Common names: Tumbleweed (English) Veld fan (English) Windball (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Bulb up to 25 cm in diameter, the apex often emergent from the ground. Leaves up to 60 × 1.5-4 cm, greyish-green or glaucous, developing after the flowers. Scape 5-30 cm, with a spherical inflorescence of 50-100 (or more) flowers. Pedicels 3-8 cm at anthesis, elongating to 40 cm in fruit, angular. Flowers pink to dark purple; tube 0.5-2 cm, narrowly funnel-shaped, always shorter than segments; segments 2-3 × 0.2-0.4 cm, recurved towards apex. Capsule up to 3 cm, irregularly dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: disticha: distichous or 2-ranked, referring to the the fan of leaves all held in the same plane.
Habitat: Widespread in open woodland and grassland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in eastern and Southern Africa from Uganda and Kenya to South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Brithys crini (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 13 November 2015
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 65. As Boophane disticha (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 200 - 201. as Anoiganthus luteus (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 287. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 237. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 8, plates 21, 22 & 23

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 115 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Boophone disticha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Boophone disticha
Flora of Malawi: Boophone disticha
Flora of Zambia: Boophone disticha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Boophone disticha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Boophone disticha
African Plant Database: Boophone disticha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Boophone disticha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Boophone disticha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Boophone disticha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Boophone disticha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Boophone disticha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Boophone disticha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Boophone disticha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Boophone disticha
Ispot Southern Africa: Boophone disticha
JSTOR Plant Science: Boophone disticha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Boophone disticha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Boophone disticha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Boophone disticha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Boophone disticha
Tropicos: Boophone disticha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Boophone disticha.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114940, retrieved 11 December 2017

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