Cynorkis debilis (Hook.f.) Summerh.

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Cynorkis debilis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Above Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts.

Cynorkis debilis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Above Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts.

Cynorkis debilis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Above Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Mts.

Cynorkis debilis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small tributary of Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Conservation Area.

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Synonyms: Bicornella debilis (Hook.f.) Szlach. & Kras
Bicornella hanningtonii (Rolfe) Szlach. & Kras
Cynorkis hanningtonii Rolfe
Cynorkis johnsonii Rolfe
Habenaria debilis Hook.f.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Slender terrestrial herb, 8-45 cm tall, growing from paired, ovoid,hairy tubers, 1.5-2 cm long. Basal leaves 1-2, often grey-green, elliptic, up to 15 cm long; another 1-2 smaller leaves along the peduncle, sheathing. Inflorescence 4-24 cm, laxly to fairly densely few-many-flowered, flowers more or less secund; bracts lanceolate, 6-7 mm long. Flowers white or pale to deep pink with purple spots on the lip. Dorsal sepal 3-5 mm long convex; lateral sepals spreading, 4-9 mm long' Petals 3-5 mm long, forming a hood together with the dorsal sepal. Lip 5-10 mm long, 5-lobed with 2 small lobes each side near the base. Midlobe much larger. Spur 3-11 mm long, slender, tapering, more or less straight.
Notes: See C. anisoloba for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: debilis: weak, frail, feeble.
Habitat: In high rainfall Brachystegia woodland, amongst grasses near streams and sometimes in evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 900 - 1900 m
Flowering time:Jan.-May
Worldwide distribution: From Angola through DRC to Tanzania south through Zambia and Malawi to Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 21 May 2014
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 32 - 33. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 216 - 217. as Cynorkis hanningtonii (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 53 - 55. as Cynorkis hanningtonii (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 47 - 48. as Cynorkis hanningtonii (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133. as Cynorkis hanningtonii

Summerhayes, V.S. (1968). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 36 - 37. as Cynorkis hanningtonii (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cynorkis debilis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cynorkis debilis
Flora of Zambia: Cynorkis debilis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynorkis debilis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis debilis
African Plant Database: Cynorkis debilis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cynorkis debilis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis debilis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis debilis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynorkis debilis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynorkis debilis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis debilis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynorkis debilis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis debilis
Ispot Southern Africa: Cynorkis debilis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis debilis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynorkis debilis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cynorkis debilis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis debilis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynorkis debilis
Tropicos: Cynorkis debilis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cynorkis debilis.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116570, retrieved 21 November 2017

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