Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth.

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Synonyms: Xylopia antunesii var. shirensis Engl. & Diels
Xylopia holtzii Engl.
Common names: Bushveld bitterwood (English) Few red-fingers (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tall straight-stemmed tree with a sparingly branched crown. Bark pale grey, smooth; branches reddish-brown, hairy when young. Leaves alternate, narrowly oblong to elliptic, up to 11 × 4.5 cm, thinly textured, often greyish-green, hairless above, more densely appressed hairy below. Flowers solitary or 2 together, axillary, yellow or greenish with long an narrow petals. Fruit of 1-10 cylindric to somewhat obovoid carpels, up to c. 3.5 cm long, sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: parviflora: small-flowered
Habitat: Occurring in evergreen forest and riverine fringe forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From the Sudan, Uganda and Kenya South to Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Limpopo South Africa
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 209.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 135 - 138. As Xylopia holtzii (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.

Other sources of information about Xylopia parviflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylopia parviflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Xylopia parviflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylopia parviflora
African Plant Database: Xylopia parviflora
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xylopia parviflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylopia parviflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia parviflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xylopia parviflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xylopia parviflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylopia parviflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Xylopia parviflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia parviflora
Ispot Southern Africa: Xylopia parviflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia parviflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xylopia parviflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylopia parviflora
The Plant List (version 1.1): Xylopia parviflora
Tropicos: Xylopia parviflora


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Xylopia parviflora.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123880, retrieved 14 December 2017

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