Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
var. rostrata Brenan

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Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

Acacia senegal var. rostrata

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, S Africa.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton var. rostrata (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Bushy three-thorn acacia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Low spreading, flat-topped shrub, usually less than 4 m tall. Hooked prickles in threes at the nodes; lateral prickles pointing down, the middle one pointing upwards. Leaves c. 5 × 3 cm with 4-6 pairs of pinnae, bearing pale green leaflets. Flowers in axillary spikes, white. Pod short and broad, up to c. 7 × 3 cm with a conspicuous tip at the apex, flat, papery, straw-coloured, dehiscent.
Notes: Distinguished from var. leiorhachis by the general appearance, the shape of the pods, the different habitat and the much later flowering time.
Derivation of specific name: senegal: of Senegal, where the type was collected; rostrata: beaked, referring to the apical tip in the fruit.
Habitat: Exclusively on alluvial calcareous soils in the Shashe, Limpopo and Lower Save Valleys.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Somalia, Uganda, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Mozambique distribution: N,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 23 February 2008
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 79 - 80.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 60.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 120 - 121. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia senegal var. rostrata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia senegal var. rostrata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia senegal var. rostrata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia senegal
African Plant Database: Acacia senegal
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia senegal
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia senegal
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia senegal
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia senegal
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia senegal
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia senegal
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia senegal
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia senegal
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia senegal
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia senegal
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia senegal
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia senegal
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia senegal
Tropicos: Acacia senegal


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Acacia senegal var. rostrata.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126190, retrieved 21 November 2017

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