Elephantorrhiza goetzei (Harms) Harms
subsp. goetzei

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Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Whaleback near Zembe along Sussundenga road

Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Whaleback near Zembe along Sussundenga road

Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Whaleback near Zembe along Sussundenga road

Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Whaleback near Zembe along Sussundenga road

Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Whaleback near Zembe along Sussundenga road

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Elephantorrhiza rubescens Gibbs
Piptadenia goetzei Harms
Common names: Narrow-pod elephant-root (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub, rarely a small tree, 1-4 m tall. Leaves bipinnate with up to 40 pairs of pinnae, each with up to 48 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets up to 12 mm long, hairless, midrib starting to one side but somewhat central at the pointed apex. Flowers in axillary spikes, normally appearing before the new leaves, creamy-yellow, often tinged reddish with conspicuous stamens. Pod up to 45 cm long, more or less cylindric, breaking away from the persistent margins.
Notes: Subsp. lata Brenan & Brummitt has sofar not been recorded from Mozambique. It is distinguished by a smaller number of pinnae (4-15 pairs), which are often longer (6.5-15 cm). The pinnae normally contain fewer leaflets (9-28 pairs), which are normally slightly larger than in subsp. goetzei (12-22 × 4-8 mm).
Derivation of specific name: goetzei: named after W. Goetze (d. 1899), German collector, who collected the type specimen.
Habitat: In woodland and scrub, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: 120 - 1460 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects (whose larvae eat this species):
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 17 September 2012
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae FZ 3(1) Pages 24 - 26. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 309. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 64.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 56.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, S Africa Pages 176 - 178. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Elephantorrhiza goetzei:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Flora of Zambia: Elephantorrhiza goetzei

External websites:

African Plant Database: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elephantorrhiza goetzei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elephantorrhiza goetzei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Ispot Southern Africa : Elephantorrhiza goetzei
JSTOR Plant Science: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
Tropicos: Elephantorrhiza goetzei
West African Plants database: Elephantorrhiza goetzei


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings, Stefaan Dondeyne and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P., Dondeyne, S. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Elephantorrhiza goetzei subsp. goetzei.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126460, retrieved 23 April 2014

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