Alysicarpus glumaceus (Vahl) DC.
subsp. glumaceus

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Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Game sanctuary, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Alysicarpus hochstetteri A. Rich.
Alysicarpus violaceus (Forssk.) Schindl.
Hedysarum glumaceum Vahl
Hedysarum violaceum Forssk.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect or procumbent annual herb, often somewhat woody at the base, 0.15–1.5 m tall. Stems pubescent mostly in narrow longitudinal lines. Leaves 1-foliolate oblong, oblong-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 0.65–12.5 cm long, finely velvety and with longer hairs on lower surface; petiole 2–7 mm long; stipules lanceolate, 4–16 mm long. Inflorescences terminal and leaf-opposed 3–30 cm long; pedicels mostly 2–5 mm long. Calyx pubescent; with lobes lanceolate or narrowly triangular, 4–6 mm long, not or only slightly overlapping at the base, pubescent and ciliate with white hairs or hairless. Standard salmon-coloured, red or mauve, obovate, 5–6 mm long; wings and keel often pale, but purple on the margins. Fruit 7–15 mm long, much constricted between the articles; articles 4–7, transversely elliptic, with strong close transverse ridges which join up here and there, up to 3 mm long and wide, shortly pubescent.
Notes: Two varieties within subsp. glumaceus have been described. Both varieties have been recorded from Mozambique. Most widespread is var. intermedius Verdc. This variety is recognised by somewhat broader calyx lobes, 5.5-7.5 mm long and up to 2.5 mm wide , which somewhat overlap at the base. The fruit is only slightly exserted from the calyx at best. Var. glumaceus was so far only recorded from the extreme South of the country. It is recognised by narrower calyx lobes, 4-6 mm long and 1 mm wide , which only scarcely overlap at the base or not at all. The fruit is well exserted from the calyx. I needs to be noted that the specimen in the images from Gorongosa National Park best matches var. glumaceus so this variety may be more widespread than previously assumed.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland, wooded grassland or woodland, often on black cotton soils in swampy grasslands or on floodplains and sometimes as a weed in maize fields or on dunes.
Altitude range: 5 - 540 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Arabia, throughout africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 8 November 2017
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 65. as Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. rugosus?

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 61.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 37 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Alysicarpus glumaceus
African Plant Database: Alysicarpus glumaceus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Alysicarpus glumaceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Alysicarpus glumaceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Alysicarpus glumaceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Alysicarpus glumaceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Alysicarpus glumaceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Alysicarpus glumaceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Alysicarpus glumaceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Alysicarpus glumaceus
Ispot Southern Africa: Alysicarpus glumaceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Alysicarpus glumaceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Alysicarpus glumaceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Alysicarpus glumaceus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Alysicarpus glumaceus
Tropicos: Alysicarpus glumaceus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Alysicarpus glumaceus subsp. glumaceus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130950, retrieved 21 November 2017

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