Androstachys johnsonii Prain

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Androstachys johnsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Androstachys johnsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Androstachys johnsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Androstachys johnsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Androstachys johnsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

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Synonyms: Androstachys subpeltatus (Sim) Phillips
Weihea subpeltata Sim
Common names: Lebombo ironwood (English) Simbi-tree (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized, evergreen tree. Bark distinctive and rough; young branchlets densely covered in whitish, woolly hairs. Leaves opposite with pairs clearly set at right angles, ovate to heart-shaped, green to blue-green above, covered in dense white woolly hairs below; margin entire. Flowers axillary, unisexual on different trees. Male flowers yellow with a long staminal column; female flowers yellow borne at the end of a long, white, hairy stalk. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, yellow to reddish-brown.
Notes: The wood is extremely hard and durable and the straight stems of younger trees are often used for building huts.
Derivation of specific name: johnsonii: after William Henry Johnson (1875-?), Director of Agriculture in the Mozambique Company.
Habitat: On rocky outcrops and hillsides in deciduous woodland, often forming dense stands.
Altitude range: 100 - 900 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe,Swaziland, Mpumalanga South Africa and Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 3 August 2017
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 121 - 123. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Androstachys johnsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Androstachys johnsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Androstachys johnsonii
African Plant Database: Androstachys johnsonii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Androstachys johnsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Androstachys johnsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Androstachys johnsonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Androstachys johnsonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Androstachys johnsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Androstachys johnsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Androstachys johnsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Androstachys johnsonii
Ispot Southern Africa: Androstachys johnsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Androstachys johnsonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Androstachys johnsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Androstachys johnsonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Androstachys johnsonii
Tropicos: Androstachys johnsonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Androstachys johnsonii.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134720, retrieved 16 December 2017

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