Croton sylvaticus Hochst. ex C. Krauss.

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Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along road up to mt Tsetsera

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along road up to mt Tsetsera

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Croton sylvaticus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Croton bukobensis Pax
Croton oxypetalus Müll. Arg.
Croton stuhlmannii Pax
Croton verdickii De Wild.
Common names: Forest croton (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or medium to large deciduous tree. Bark pale to dark grey, smooth when young, slightly rough in older trees. Leaves elliptic, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, up to c. 20 cm long, fairly thinly textured, somewhat almond-like aromatic when crushed, stellate hairy on both surfaces when young, hairless when older, 3-5-veined from the base, stalked glands present at the base of the leaf below; margin with glandular teeth. Flowers in terminal racemes, unisexual, mostly male with some female flowers near the base of the inflorescence. Fruit 3-lobed, up to 1 cm in diameter, in conspicuous clusters, orange when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: sylvaticus: sylvan, forest-loving
Habitat: In forest or associated dense woodland, sometimes as a pioneer species.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout most of tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 September 2017
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 286 - 287.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 36.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 86.

Other sources of information about Croton sylvaticus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zambia: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Croton sylvaticus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Croton sylvaticus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Croton sylvaticus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Croton sylvaticus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Croton sylvaticus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Croton sylvaticus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Croton sylvaticus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Croton sylvaticus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Croton sylvaticus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton sylvaticus
Ispot Southern Africa: Croton sylvaticus
JSTOR Plant Science: Croton sylvaticus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Croton sylvaticus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Croton sylvaticus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Croton sylvaticus
Tropicos: Croton sylvaticus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Croton sylvaticus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134820, retrieved 20 November 2017

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