Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.

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Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slope of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slope of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slope of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slope of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phyllogeiton discolor (Klotzsch) Herzog
Common names: Bird-plum (English) Brown ivory (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large tree. Bark dark grey and fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic to slightly (ob)ovate, glossy dark green above, distinctly paler below; midrib and lateral veins prominent; margin entire. Flowers in small axillary clusters, yellowish-green. Fruit fleshy, slightly ovoid c. 15 × 7 mm, yellow when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: discolor: not of the same colour; the leaves however are only slightly discolorous
Habitat: In riverine forest and dry woodland, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also on the Arabian Peninsula.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 13 September 2017
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 267 - 370. Phyllogeiton discolor (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 414 - 415. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 425 - 427. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 1.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 95.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.

Other sources of information about Berchemia discolor:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Caprivi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Malawi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Zambia: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Zimbabwe: Berchemia discolor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Berchemia discolor
African Plant Database: Berchemia discolor
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Berchemia discolor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Berchemia discolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berchemia discolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Berchemia discolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Berchemia discolor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Berchemia discolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Berchemia discolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berchemia discolor
Ispot Southern Africa: Berchemia discolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Berchemia discolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Berchemia discolor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Berchemia discolor
The Plant List (version 1.1): Berchemia discolor
Tropicos: Berchemia discolor


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Berchemia discolor.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137700, retrieved 24 September 2017

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