Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch.

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Cissus cornifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Cloud Pool, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

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Synonyms: Cissus lonicerifolia C.A. Sm.
Cissus marlothii sensu Eyles
Vitis cornifolia Baker
Common names: Black wild grape (English) Ivy-grape (English) Mugunduzhi (Manica)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Scandent shrub, rarely a very small tree growing from a large tuberous rootstock. Stems cylindric, swollen at the nodes, rarely with tendrils. Leaves, alternate, elliptic to oblong, 2-8 cm long, hairless, lowermost pair of lateral veins starting at the base of the lamina, strongly smelling when crushed; margin serrate. Flowers in leaf-opposed, branched inflorescences, small, yellow or green. Fruit ovoid c. 1 cm long, purple to black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: cornifolia: with leaves like a Dogwood (Cornus sp - Cornaceae)
Habitat: In open woodland and grassland.
Altitude range: 0 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Tropical Africa to Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Climber, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hippotion celerio (Food plant)
Hippotion osiris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 10 September 2015
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 680.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 102.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 386 - 387. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 185.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 24 - 25.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 455 - 456.

Other sources of information about Cissus cornifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cissus cornifolia
Flora of Malawi: Cissus cornifolia
Flora of Zambia: Cissus cornifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cissus cornifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cissus cornifolia
African Plant Database: Cissus cornifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cissus cornifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cissus cornifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cissus cornifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cissus cornifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cissus cornifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cissus cornifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cissus cornifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cissus cornifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Cissus cornifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Cissus cornifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cissus cornifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cissus cornifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cissus cornifolia
Tropicos: Cissus cornifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cissus cornifolia.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137870, retrieved 21 November 2017

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