Oncoba spinosa Forssk.

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Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maforga Mission, Gondola, Mozambique

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Mukombezi River, northern boundary Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Mukombezi River, northern boundary Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no. 11 near Urema River, Gorongosa National Park.

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 11, Gorongosa National Park

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 11, Gorongosa National Park

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 11 near Urema River, Gorongosa National Park

Oncoba spinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Khodzue Gorge, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Fried-egg flower (English) Snuff box tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Glabrous shrub or small tree, to 5 m. Branches with pale lenticels and sharp axillary spines to 5 cm Leaves elliptic, ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic; base abruptly cuneate; apex acuminate; margin serrate or serrate-crenate. Sepals 1.5 cm, 4, concave, shortly united at base. Petals c.2 × as long as sepals, 8-10, white. Fruit c.5 cm in diameter, spherical, dark green or finally brown, smooth with c.8 faint longitudinal lines; old calyx persistent at base. Seeds c.6 × 4 mm, brown, shiny.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: spinosa: spiny
Habitat: In woodland, riverine sites and on rocky hills.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Arabia southwards through tropical Africa to South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 14 July 2017
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 84 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 468.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 75.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 105.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 214.

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 273 - 276. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Oncoba spinosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Oncoba spinosa
Flora of Caprivi: Oncoba spinosa
Flora of Malawi: Oncoba spinosa
Flora of Zambia: Oncoba spinosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oncoba spinosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Oncoba spinosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oncoba spinosa
African Plant Database: Oncoba spinosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Oncoba spinosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oncoba spinosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oncoba spinosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oncoba spinosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oncoba spinosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oncoba spinosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oncoba spinosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oncoba spinosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Oncoba spinosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Oncoba spinosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oncoba spinosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oncoba spinosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Oncoba spinosa
Tropicos: Oncoba spinosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Oncoba spinosa.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140660, retrieved 22 September 2017

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