Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.

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Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path from Chitengo to Pungwe River, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path from Chitengo to Pungwe River, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path from Chitengo to Pungwe River, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum fragrans F. Hoffm.
Combretum ghasalense Engl. & Diels
Combretum ternifolium Engl. & Diels
Combretum tetraphyllum Diels
Common names: Four-leaved bushwillow (English) Three-leaved combretum (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves usually in whorls of 3-4, rarely opposite, ovate, ovate-elliptic, dark green, velvety when young, losing most hairs at maturity, 7-10 pairs of lateral veins prominent below; margin entire, sometimes wavy. Flowers greenish cream to pale yellow, in dense, often branched spikes, appearing before or with the new leaves. Fruit ovoid 25 × 35 mm, 4-winged, yellow green flushed with reddish brown, drying to light brown.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry woodland, along the fringes of pans and vleis, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 19 August 2012
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Combretum fragans

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 158 - 159. as Combretum fragrans (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 120 - 122. As Combretum fragrans (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69. as Combretum fragrans

Other sources of information about Combretum adenogonium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Malawi: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Zambia: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretum adenogonium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum adenogonium
African Plant Database: Combretum adenogonium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum adenogonium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum adenogonium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum adenogonium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum adenogonium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum adenogonium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum adenogonium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Combretum adenogonium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum adenogonium
Ispot Southern Africa: Combretum adenogonium
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum adenogonium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum adenogonium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum adenogonium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Combretum adenogonium
Tropicos: Combretum adenogonium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Combretum adenogonium.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141770, retrieved 21 November 2017

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