Ruspolia australis (Milne-Redh.) Vollesen

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Synonyms: Ruspolia hypocrateriformis (Vahl) Milne-Redh. subsp. australis Milne-Redh.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling or decumbent shrub to 4m tall; plant drying black. Leaves opposite, ovate to elliptic, largest 7-14 cm long, narrowed below into a decurrent base, hairless or sparsely hairy; petiole ill-defined, to 2 cm long. Flowers borne in 3-7-flowered cymules forming dense cymes, 2-6 cm long; lower nodes in inflorescence to 1(-2) cm long. Inflorescence axis bearing curly hairs, without any stalked capitate glands. Calyx 5-9 mm long, curly-hairy. Corolla bright red with darker spots towards the centre and on the outside of the lobes with scattered stalked capitate glands but no hairs; tube linear, 2-3 cm long; lobes elliptic, 7-12 mm long. Capsule 3.8-4.8 cm long. Inner surface of the seed smooth.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: australis: southern
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,M
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 134 - 135.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274. As Ruspolia hypocrateriformis australis

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 388 - 389. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 131, plate 172

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 78 - 79. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 612 - 613. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 19. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis australis

Other sources of information about Ruspolia australis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ruspolia australis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ruspolia australis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ruspolia australis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ruspolia australis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ruspolia australis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ruspolia australis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ruspolia australis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ruspolia australis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ruspolia australis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ruspolia australis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ruspolia australis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ruspolia australis
Ispot Southern Africa: Ruspolia australis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ruspolia australis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ruspolia australis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ruspolia australis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ruspolia australis
Tropicos: Ruspolia australis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Ruspolia australis.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154050, retrieved 13 December 2017

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