Brachystephanus africanus S. Moore
var. africanus

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Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brachystephanus bequaertii De Wild.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Erect, perennial shrub-like herb, up to c. 2.5 m high. Leaves opposite, 11-18 cm long, elliptic to ovate, hairless above, more or less densely hairy beneath; margin entire or shallowly crenate; petiole 1-4 cm long. Inflorescences in erect terminal and axillary spikes, 9-19 cm long, flowers appearring from tightly overlapping bracts. Corolla 2-lipped, pink violet, mauve or white; tube 2.5-3.5 cm long; stamens and style long exserted.
Notes: Recently also recorded from Mt Mabu and Mt Namuli.
Derivation of specific name: africanus: African
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 10 December 2011
Literature:

Champluvier, D. & Darbyshire, I. (2009). A revision of the genera Brachystephanus and Oreacanthus (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa Systematics and Geography of Plants 79(2) Pages 157 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Figueiredo, E. & Jury, S.L. (1996). Notes on Brachystephanus (Acanthaceae) Kew Bulletin 51(4) Pages 753 - 756. Zimbabwe and Mozambique not cited in the distribution

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 161.

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 248.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 33.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 113 - 115.

Other sources of information about Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystephanus africanus
African Plant Database: Brachystephanus africanus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Brachystephanus africanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystephanus africanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystephanus africanus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachystephanus africanus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachystephanus africanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystephanus africanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachystephanus africanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystephanus africanus
Ispot Southern Africa: Brachystephanus africanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystephanus africanus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachystephanus africanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystephanus africanus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachystephanus africanus
Tropicos: Brachystephanus africanus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Brachystephanus africanus var. africanus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154400, retrieved 11 December 2017

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