Anacardium occidentale L.

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Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

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Synonyms:
Common names: Cashew nut (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Tree, rarely a shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, shortly petiolate, broadly oblong-obovate, up to 18 cm long, leathery shiny green above, paler below, reddish when young; midrib prominent below; lateral veins 9-17 pairs. Flowers in branched terminal heads, yellowish-white, tinged pale reddish. Fruit kidney-shaped, greenish yellow, hanging from a very thickened, fleshy pedicel.
Notes: Extensively cultivated in Mozambique and apparently naturalized from time to time.
Derivation of specific name: occidentale: occidental, western
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Tropical America; cultivated throughout the tropics
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 12 September 2008
Literature:

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 551 - 552.

Other sources of information about Anacardium occidentale:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Anacardium occidentale
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Anacardium occidentale
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Anacardium occidentale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Anacardium occidentale
African Plant Database: Anacardium occidentale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Anacardium occidentale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Anacardium occidentale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anacardium occidentale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Anacardium occidentale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Anacardium occidentale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Anacardium occidentale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Anacardium occidentale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anacardium occidentale
Ispot Southern Africa: Anacardium occidentale
JSTOR Plant Science: Anacardium occidentale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Anacardium occidentale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anacardium occidentale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Anacardium occidentale
Tropicos: Anacardium occidentale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Anacardium occidentale.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164230, retrieved 19 November 2017

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