Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

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Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Photo: Teresa Silva
Inhassoro beach, Inhambane

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Partitium tiliaceum (L.) St.-Hil.
Common names: Lagoon hibiscus (English) Wild cotton tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall. Leaves suborbicular, 3-15 cm in diameter, 5-9-veined from a deeply cordate base, stellate hairy on both surfaces when young but becoming hairless above when mature, veining prominent beneath with longitudinal pore-like slits near the base; margin entire or minutely toothed; petiole up to 12 cm long, often stellate hairy. Stipules ovate-cordate, up to 30 mm long, leaving a distinct scar after falling. Flowers up to 8 cm in diameter, yellow with a dark centre, fading to orange, born in the axils of ovate bracts, appearing terminal after the bracts have fallen. Epicalyx cup-shaped with 10 short teeth. Calyx with lanceolate lobes up to 3 cm long, joined nearly to the middle. Petals obovate, twisted, 6-7 cm long. Capsule subglobose, 2-2.5cm in diameter, pointed, hairy.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along the seashore in tidal zone thickets.
Altitude range: 0 - 30 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread along tropical and subtropical seashores.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 20 December 2017
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 703 - 1.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 84.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 425 - 437. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 228 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hibiscus tiliaceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Hibiscus tiliaceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus tiliaceus
African Plant Database: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hibiscus tiliaceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus tiliaceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus tiliaceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus tiliaceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus tiliaceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus tiliaceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hibiscus tiliaceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus tiliaceus
Ispot Southern Africa: Hibiscus tiliaceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus tiliaceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus tiliaceus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hibiscus tiliaceus
Tropicos: Hibiscus tiliaceus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hibiscus tiliaceus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=167180, retrieved 18 January 2018

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