Hyperacanthus amoenus (Sims) Bridson

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Hyperacanthus amoenus

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district. Maputo province.

Hyperacanthus amoenus

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district. Maputo province.

Hyperacanthus amoenus

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district. Maputo province.

Hyperacanthus amoenus

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district. Maputo province.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gardenia amoena Sims
Gardenia gerrardiana Sond.
Gardenia neuberia Eckl. & Zeyh.
Hyperacanthus floridus E. Mey.
Common names: Spiny-gardenia (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, usually armed with opposite woody spines.Leaves mostly clustered on dwarf lateral branchlets,occasionally in pairs, more or less narrowly obovate or elliptic, 1.5-7 cm long, somewhat leathery, hairless;petiole mostly c 2 mm long; stipules 3-5 mm long, seldom persisting beyond the apical node. Flowers usually solitary or in few-flowered clusters, in one axil near the apex of a branch or branchlet but sometimes appearing terminal, sessile or very shortly pedunculate; bracteoles ovate, c1-3 mm long, ciliate. Corolla 5-lobed, white, usually pink-tinged or streaked outside; tube 1.5-5 cm long; lobes elliptic to slightly obovate, 1.5-2.5 cm long, shortly hairy on both surfaces. Fruit spherical to broadly ellipsoid, 1.5-2 cm long; calyx limb persistent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: amoena: pleasant, charming, agreeable.
Habitat: In dry forest on sandy soils with Spirostachys, Hymenocardia and Afzelia.
Altitude range: 100 - 330 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Mozambique, Swaziland and Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 February 2017
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 196. (Includes a picture).

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 648 - 650. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 628 - 629. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hyperacanthus amoenus:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyperacanthus amoenus
African Plant Database: Hyperacanthus amoenus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hyperacanthus amoenus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyperacanthus amoenus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyperacanthus amoenus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyperacanthus amoenus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyperacanthus amoenus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyperacanthus amoenus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyperacanthus amoenus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyperacanthus amoenus
Ispot Southern Africa: Hyperacanthus amoenus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyperacanthus amoenus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyperacanthus amoenus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyperacanthus amoenus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hyperacanthus amoenus
Tropicos: Hyperacanthus amoenus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hyperacanthus amoenus.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=176170, retrieved 26 April 2017

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