Asplenium friesiorum C. Chr.

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Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northwestern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northwestern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northwestern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northwestern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Asplenium friesiorum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asplenium caudatum G.Forst. var. reflexum Bonap.
Asplenium monilisorum Domin
Asplenium serra Langsd. & Fisch. var. natalensis Baker
Asplenium serra sensu Sim.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome widely creeping, branched; scales shiny brown, up to 4 mm, entire. Fronds widely spaced, not proliferous, pendent. Stipe up to 70 cm, dark brown, sparsely set with brown scales becoming glabrous with age. Lamina up to c. 1m long and c. 25 cm wide, pinnate to 2-pinnatifid, narrowly oblong to lanceolate in outline. Pinnae up to 13 × 1.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, hairless, margins incised, incisions 1/3 to 2/3 of the way towards the midrib into toothed lobes, base unequally cuneate, apex tapering to a fine extended apex. Sori linear, set almost continuous in two lines along the midrib, indusium entire.
Notes: Differs from similar species by not having proliferous fronds, the rhizome is widely creeping and the sori are set in the same line along the midrib.
Derivation of specific name: friesiorum: probably named after R.E. Fries (1876-1966), a Swedish botanist who joined the Swedish Rhodesia-Congo Exp. (1911-1912)
Habitat: Deep shade in moist evergreen forest, among boulders in montane grassveld. Terrestrial or lithophytic.
Altitude range: 1000 - 2500 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Soa Tomé, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 17 November 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 25.

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 93.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 622 - 623. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 353 - 354. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 99 - 100.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 164.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 85 - 86.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 178 - 179.

Other sources of information about Asplenium friesiorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Asplenium friesiorum
Flora of Zambia: Asplenium friesiorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium friesiorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium friesiorum
African Plant Database: Asplenium friesiorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Asplenium friesiorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium friesiorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium friesiorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Asplenium friesiorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Asplenium friesiorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium friesiorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Asplenium friesiorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium friesiorum
Ispot Southern Africa: Asplenium friesiorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium friesiorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Asplenium friesiorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium friesiorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Asplenium friesiorum
Tropicos: Asplenium friesiorum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Asplenium friesiorum.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102510, retrieved 21 November 2017

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