Mangifera indica L.

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Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

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Synonyms:
Common names: Mango (English)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Medium to large tree. Leaves alternate, simple, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate with a prominent midrib. Inflorescence a large (up to 30 cm long) pyramidal panicle with male and female flowers in the same panicle; axis reddish, shortly hairy. Sepals 5, green with whitish margin. Petals 5, 3-5 mm long, whitish with the 3-7 nerves yellow or reddish. Stamens 1(-2), fertile; staminodes 3(-4), very short. Disk c. 2 mm tall, thick. Fruit a large fleshy drupe, variable in shape and size, yellow to red when ripe.
Notes: Very commonly cultivated in the tropics for its edible fruits and rarely found in the wild as an escape.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Native of East tropical Asia
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Eudocima materna (Larval foodplant)
Anthene definita definita (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 23 March 2014
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 552.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.

Other sources of information about Mangifera indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Mangifera indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Mangifera indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mangifera indica
African Plant Database: Mangifera indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mangifera indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mangifera indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mangifera indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mangifera indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mangifera indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mangifera indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Mangifera indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mangifera indica
Ispot Southern Africa: Mangifera indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Mangifera indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mangifera indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mangifera indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Mangifera indica
Tropicos: Mangifera indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Mangifera indica.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136500, retrieved 13 December 2017

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