Strophanthus kombe Oliv.

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Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Mueredzi, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Tomas Buruwate
Niassa Game Reserve

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Tomas Buruwate
Niassa Game Reserve

Strophanthus kombe

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms: Strophanthus hispidus DC. var. kombe (Oliv.) Holmes
Common names: Large-leaved poison rope (English) Zambezi tail flower (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling shrub or strong deciduous climber. Leaves broadly ovate to obovate with a wrinkled appearance, velvety hairy on both sides when young, becoming glabrescent above in mature leaves. Flowers appear in clusters at the ends of the short branchlets, before or with the new leaves.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: kombe: probably derived from a East African vernacular name.
Habitat: In hot, dry woodland, often in rocky terrain.
Altitude range: Up to 900 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Caprivi-Namibia and northeastern South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Climber, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 21 December 2015
Literature:

Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34 SANBI, Pretoria, South Africa Page 17.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 474 - 476. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 92, plate 126

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29.

Other sources of information about Strophanthus kombe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Caprivi: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Malawi: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Zambia: Strophanthus kombe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strophanthus kombe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strophanthus kombe
African Plant Database: Strophanthus kombe
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strophanthus kombe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strophanthus kombe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strophanthus kombe
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strophanthus kombe
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strophanthus kombe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strophanthus kombe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strophanthus kombe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strophanthus kombe
Ispot Southern Africa: Strophanthus kombe
JSTOR Plant Science: Strophanthus kombe
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strophanthus kombe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strophanthus kombe
The Plant List (version 1.1): Strophanthus kombe
Tropicos: Strophanthus kombe


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strophanthus kombe.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145200, retrieved 11 December 2017

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