Harrisonia abyssinica Oliv.

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Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhancuco, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Harrisonia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Sand forest Casa Banana road, northern boundary Gorongosa national Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Small shrub, sometimes scandent, or small tree to 10 m. Bark with conical corky bosses, bearing a central prickle. Branches also bearing prickly stipules. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-6 pairs of subopposite leaflets; leaflets elliptic to broadly obovate, sessile; margin crenate (sometimes obscurely so); base asymmetric; petiole and rhachis winged. Inflorescence a lax panicle, to 15 cm. Calyx lobes c. 1 mm, pubescent outside, glabrous within. Petals 4-5 mm, white to yellow, pubescent outside, glabrous within. Ripe fruits c. 10 mm in diameter, glabrous, fleshy, bright red.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: Usually in transitional zones between deciduous woodland and evergreen forest
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia and Guinea southwards to Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects (whose larvae eat this species):
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 10 February 2012
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 422 - 423.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 110.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 100.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 550.

Wild, H. & Phipps, J.B. (1963). Simaroubaceae FZ 2(1) Pages 218 - 220. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Harrisonia abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Harrisonia abyssinica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Harrisonia abyssinica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Harrisonia abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Harrisonia abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Harrisonia abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Harrisonia abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harrisonia abyssinica
Ispot Southern Africa : Harrisonia abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Harrisonia abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Harrisonia abyssinica
Tropicos: Harrisonia abyssinica
West African Plants database: Harrisonia abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings, Stefaan Dondeyne and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P., Dondeyne, S. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Harrisonia abyssinica.
http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=167470, retrieved 29 August 2014

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