Spermatophyta: Gymnospermae: Cycadales

Zamiaceae - Cycad family


Dyer, R.A. & Verdoorn, I.C. (1966) Zamiaceae Flora of Southern Africa 1

Dyer, R.A. & Verdoorn, I.C. (1969) Encephalartos manikensis and its near allies Kirkia 7(1)

Goode, D. (1989) Cycads of Africa Struik, Cape Town

Lewis, J. (1960) Cycadaceae (including Zamiaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 1(1)

Description of the family

Dioecious trees or shrubs. Trunk tall or very short, bearing spirally arranged leaf-bases and scale leaves. Leaves spirally arranged, pinnate; leaflets with longitudinal parallel veins and no midrib. Male cones consisting of leathery scales with numerous pollen-sacs on their abaxial surface. Female cones composed of thick and often woody, peltate scales bearing 2 (or more) ovules on their adaxial surface. Seeds angled, with a fleshy outer layer enclosing a hard inner shell.

Worldwide: 8 genera and 125 species, tropical and warm Africa, Australia and America.

Mozambique: 1 cultivated genus and 2 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Encephalartos Lehm.Description

Other sources of information about Zamiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Zamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Zamiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Zamiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zamiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Zamiaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zamiaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zamiaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zamiaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zamiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zamiaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zamiaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Zamiaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zamiaceae
Wikipedia: Zamiaceae
Plants of the World Online: Zamiaceae
Tropicos: Zamiaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated plants: Family page: Zamiaceae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=238, retrieved 19 July 2024

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