21.000 Araucaria Juss. - Monkey puzzles

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Trees, branches whorled or almost so, winter buds small. Leaves spirally arranged, lamina needle-like to broadly ovate, variable even on the same tree. Pollen cones tassel-like, axillary or terminal on branchlets; microsporophylls densely arranged. Seed cones near the top of the crown, erect, ovulate scales ligulate; bracts of mature cones large, woody distal part thickened, distal margin ridged. Seeds connate with bracts.

Derivation of name: for the Arauco district of Chile, in which species of the genus grow naturally.

Worldwide: 19 species in Papua New Guinea, Australia to South America.

Mozambique: 2 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

angustifolia (Bertol.) KuntzeDescription, Image
columnaris (G. Forst.) Hook.

Other sources of information about Araucaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Araucaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Araucaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Araucaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Araucaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Araucaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Araucaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Araucaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Araucaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Araucaria
Plants of the World Online: Araucaria
Tropicos: Araucaria
Wikipedia: Araucaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated plants: genus page: Araucaria.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1668, retrieved 15 June 2024

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