Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

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Ficus elastica

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Ficus elastica

Photo: Mark Hyde
34, Kent Road, Highlands, Harare

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Common names: India rubber tree (English) Rubber plant (English)
Description: Large evergreen tree to 25 m. Trunk buttressed and with spreading surface roots. Leaves: petiole up to 9 cm long; lamina large, 11-30 × 5-15 cm, ovate, thickly-textured, almost plastic-like, shiny green above, paler matt green beneath, glabrous; apex acuminate. Fruit 10-15 mm long × 8-10 mm in diameter, sessile, elongated, almost cylindric, borne on a pronounced ‘pedestal’.
Derivation of specific name: elastica: after the rubber produced from the milky sap of this species.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Indonesia, the Malayan Peninsula, Burma, India and the Eastern Himalayas.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 263 - 265. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ficus elastica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ficus elastica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus elastica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus elastica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus elastica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus elastica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus elastica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus elastica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus elastica
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus elastica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus elastica
Plants of the World Online: Ficus elastica
Tropicos: Ficus elastica
Wikipedia: Ficus elastica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Ficus elastica., retrieved 22 July 2024

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