Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Alismatales

Cymodoceaceae - Sea grass family

Duarte, M.C. (2009) Cymodoceaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2)

Description of the family

Perennial, dioecious, submerged herbs, growing in the sea. Rhizomes present, herbaceous and monopodial or woody and sympodial. Leaves alternate, distichous, with distinct lamina and sheathing base; sheath auriculate; lamina linear, flat or needle-like; ligule present. Flowers enclosed by leaf-like bracts, usually solitary, sometimes in cymes (Syringodium); perianth 0. Male flowers consisting of 2 stamens borne on a filament. Female flowers consisting of two 1-ovulate carpels. Fruit indehiscent.

Worldwide: 16 species in 5 genera, mainly in tropical or subtropical waters, less often in temperate seas.

Mozambique: 4 genera and 6 taxa.

Thalassodendron ciliatum

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Cymodocea K.D. KoenigDescription
Halodule Endl.Description
Syringodium Kütz.Description
Thalassodendron HartogDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Cymodoceaceae:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymodoceaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymodoceaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymodoceaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymodoceaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cymodoceaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymodoceaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymodoceaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymodoceaceae
Wikipedia: Cymodoceaceae
Plants of the World Online: Cymodoceaceae
Tropicos: Cymodoceaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Cymodoceaceae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=287, retrieved 8 December 2023

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