Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis or vlei-lily family

Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.J. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 132-136

Nordal, I. (1982) Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008) Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1)

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs or rhizomes. Leaves in a basal rosette or fan. Scape leafless, solid or hollow. Inflorescence of 1-many flowers in an umbel-like inflorescence, subtended by an involucre of 1-many bracts and with ephemeral hyaline bracts between the flowers. Flowers showy, bisexual, 3-merous, actinomorphic (less often slightly zygomorphic). Perianth segments in 2 series of 3, free or ± united; corona sometimes present. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a capsule or berry.

Comment: According to latest phylogenetic evidence Amaryllidaceae now includes several subfamilies with genera formerly separated in different families:
- Agapanthoideae was Agapanthaceae;
- Allioideae was Alliaceae;
- Amaryllidoideae was Amaryllidaceae sensu stricto.

Worldwide: 65 genera and 725 species occurring in tropical and warm areas, notably in South Africa and the Andes.

Mozambique: 9 genera and 18 taxa.

Cryptostephanus vansonii

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Agapanthus L'Hér.Description, Image
Ammocharis Herb.Description, Image
Boophone Herb.Description, Image
Crinum L.Description, Image
Cryptostephanus Welw. ex BakerDescription, Image
Cyrtanthus AitonDescription, Image
Pancratium L.Description, Image
Scadoxus Raf.Description, Image
Tulbaghia L.Description

Other sources of information about Amaryllidaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Malawi: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zambia: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Amaryllidaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Amaryllidaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Amaryllidaceae
Wikipedia: Amaryllidaceae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Amaryllidaceae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=9, retrieved 17 November 2019

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