7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 300 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Mozambique: 29 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy)
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector)
Coleus caudatus

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
alboviolaceus GürkeZ
amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.N,M
autranii (Briq.) Erhardt, Götz & SeyboldMSDescription, Image
baumii GürkeNDescription, Image
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeMSDescription, Image
calycinus Benth.M
chimanimanensis S. Moore[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
densus A.J. Paton N
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonMSDescription, Image
esculentus N.E. Br.N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
fruticosus L'Hér.M
gracillimus (T.C.E. Fr.) Hutch. & DandyN,MSDescription, Image
guruensis A.J. Paton [End]Z
hadiensis (Forssk.) Spreng.N,MSDescription, Image
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonZ,MSDescription, Image
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenN,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
leptophyllus (Baker) A.J. PatonMS
madagascariensis (Pers.) Benth.GI
mandalensis Baker[NrEnd]Z
melleri Baker Z
montanus Benth. MS
neochilus Schltr.T,MSDescription, Image
sanguineus BrittenN,Z,MSDescription, Image
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonZ,MSDescription, Image
spicatus Benth.M
swynnertonii S. MooreMSDescription, Image
tetragonus GürkeN
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewMSDescription, Image
verticillatus (L.f.) DruceM

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus
Flora of Zambia: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
Wikipedia: Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Plectranthus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 1 November 2020

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