7359.000 Syncolostemon E. Mey.

HEMIZYGIA (Benth.) Briq.

Clarke, H. & Charters, M. (ed. Moll, E.) (2016) The Illustrated Dictionary of Southern African Plant Names Jacana Media, South Africa

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, suffrutices or small trees. Leaves opposite. Flowers bisexual; verticils 2-6-flowered in a usually lax inflorescence; sometimes topped with a crown of brightly coloured terminal bracts. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip ovate, entire, accrescent in fruit; lower lip with 4 teeth or with lateral lobes. Corolla white to pink or purple. Stamens declinate, held over or included within the anterior (lower) corolla lip. Anterior and posterior filament pairs separated by a clear gap at the insertion point in the corolla tube; anterior filaments fused together. Ovaries glabrous. Nutlets brown.

Derivation of name: From the Greek: syn- meaning united; kolos meaning curtailed, stunted; stemon meaning pillar or stamen; probably referring to the fused anterior filaments.

Worldwide: 46 species, mostly native to eastern South Africa, but also in tropical Africa, Madagascar and India.

Mozambique: 8 taxa.

Syncolostemon flabellifolius

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bracteosus (Benth.) D.F. OtienoN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
canescens (G├╝rke) D.F. Otieno ?Description, Image
flabellifolius (S. Moore) A.J. Paton[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
namapensis D.F. Otieno[NrEnd][VU]N
oritrephes (Wild) D.F. Otieno[NrEnd][LR-nt]MSDescription, Image
petiolatus (Ashby) D.F. OtienoM
sp. nov. aff. teucriifolius (Hochst.) D.F. OtienoMS
teucriifolius (Hochst.) D.F. OtienoMSDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Syncolostemon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Syncolostemon
Flora of Caprivi: Syncolostemon
Flora of Malawi: Syncolostemon
Flora of Zambia: Syncolostemon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Syncolostemon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Syncolostemon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Syncolostemon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syncolostemon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Syncolostemon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Syncolostemon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syncolostemon
JSTOR Plant Science: Syncolostemon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Syncolostemon
Plants of the World Online: Syncolostemon
Tropicos: Syncolostemon
Wikipedia: Syncolostemon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Syncolostemon.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1237, retrieved 29 September 2023

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