7366.000 Ocimum L.


Description of the genus

Herbs or soft small shrubs. Leaves opposite, simple, petiolate. Inflorescence a terminal spike-like raceme. Flowers in 6-flowered whorls, bracts much smaller than the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped, 5-toothed, tube short, upper tooth much larger than the rest, broadly ovate to subrotund, 2 lateral teeth small, subulate, 2 lower teeth fused, forming an oblong emarginate or 2-toothed lip. Corolla 2-lipped, mauve to whitish, upper lip 4-lobed with ± equal lobes, lower lip spreading, concave. Stamens 4, shortly exserted. Style exserted, 2-lobed.

The definition of this genus is not clear to us after the merging with Becium. This description is therefore provisional

Worldwide: 150 species in warm temperate and tropical regions, especially Africa

Mozambique: 13 taxa.

Ocimum obovatum subsp. obovatum var. obovatum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
africanum Lour.N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
americanum L.N,T,MSDescription, Image
americanum / africanum [Agg]N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
angustifolium Benth.NDescription, Image
basilicum L. Z,M
filamentosum Forssk.Z,MS,MDescription, Image
fimbriatum Briq. var. fimbriatum N
fimbriatum Briq. var. ctenodon (Gilli) A.J.Paton N
gratissimum L. subsp. gratissimum var. gratissimum N,Z,MSDescription, Image
natalense A.J.Paton[NrEnd]GI,M
obovatum Benth. subsp. obovatum var. obovatum N,Z,T,MS,MDescription, Image
obovatum Benth. subsp. obovatum var. galpinii (Gürke) A.J. Paton
reclinatum (Williamson & Balkwill) A.J. Paton[NrEnd]M

Other sources of information about Ocimum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ocimum
Flora of Caprivi: Ocimum
Flora of Malawi: Ocimum
Flora of Zambia: Ocimum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ocimum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ocimum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ocimum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ocimum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ocimum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ocimum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ocimum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ocimum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ocimum
Plants of the World Online: Ocimum
Tropicos: Ocimum
Wikipedia: Ocimum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Ocimum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1242, retrieved 12 December 2023

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