7434.000 Nicotiana L. - Tobaccos

Description of the genus

Unarmed herbs, shrubs or small trees. Inflorescence a terminal panicle-like cyme. Calyx 5-lobed, much shorter than the corolla tube, usually somewhat accrescent in fruit. Corolla white, yellow, pink, red or purplish; tubular with a short limb. Stamens 5; anthers included (in ours), dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Fruit a capsule with a large number of minute seeds; capsule enclosed by a persistent papery calyx.

Derivation of name: after Jean Nicot, who introduced tobacco to France in the late 16th century.

Worldwide: 67 species in America (mainly Andean S America and Mexico), S Pacific islands, Australia and one in Namibia.

Mozambique: 3 taxa.

Nicotiana tabacum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
glauca GrahamGIDescription, Image
rustica L.TDescription
tabacum L.N,GI,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Nicotiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nicotiana
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Nicotiana
Flora of Malawi: Nicotiana
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Nicotiana
Flora of Zambia: Nicotiana
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Nicotiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Nicotiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Nicotiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nicotiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nicotiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nicotiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nicotiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Nicotiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nicotiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Nicotiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nicotiana
Plants of the World Online: Nicotiana
Tropicos: Nicotiana
Wikipedia: Nicotiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Nicotiana.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1254, retrieved 20 May 2024

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