G.476. Echinochloa P. Beauv.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: ligule present or 0. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets paired or in short secondary racemes, typically densely packed in 4 rows. Spikelets narrowly elliptic to suborbicular, flat on one side, gibbous on the other, often hispidulous, sometimes stipitate; apex usually cuspidate or awned; lower glume c. 1/3, the upper as long as, the spikelet, both acute or acuminate; lower lemma often stiffly awned; upper crustaceous with an incurved beak at apex; apex of upper palea briefly reflexed and slightly protruding from the lemma.

Worldwide: c. 35 species in warm and tropical regions

Mozambique: 6 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
colona (L.) LinkN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
frumentacea LinkN,MDescription
haploclada (Stapf) StapfN,Z,MS,MDescription
jubata StapfZ,MS,GI,MDescription
pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & ChaseN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
ugandensis Snowden & C.E. Hubb.N,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Echinochloa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Echinochloa
Flora of Caprivi: Echinochloa
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Echinochloa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa
Tropicos: Echinochloa
Wikipedia: Echinochloa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Echinochloa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=194, retrieved 10 December 2023

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