828.000 Eriocaulon L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs. Involucral bracts scarious to coriaceous, spreading to reflexed at maturity. Floral bracts often white-hairy towards the tip. Flowers borne on a central receptacle; male and female mixed or female around the edge. Sepals free or ± connate in male flowers, usually free in the female. Petals usually with a black gland near or at the tip, often white-hairy at the tip. Male petals all small or one enlarged and exserted. Male flowers with stamens (in our species) 6 or 4, twice as many as the petals; anthers black or white. Female flowers with petals free. Seeds ellipsoid, smooth or distinctively patterned.

Derivation of name: from Greek: erion meaning wool, caulos meaning stem

Worldwide: c. 400 species in tropical and warm regions of the world; some temperate.

Mozambique: 13 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
africanum Hochst.MS
bongense Ruhland N
elegantulum Engl.N,Z
infaustum N.E. Br. [End][EX?]Z
inyangense Arw.MS
maculatum SchinzMS
mulanjeanum S.M. Phillips[NrEnd]Z
schlechteri RuhlandGI
sonderianum Körn.MSDescription, Image
teusczii Engl. & Ruhland ex Ruhland?
transvaalicum N.E. Br. subsp. hanningtonii (N.E. Br.) S.M. PhillipsZ,MS
truncatum Mart.MS
zambesiense RuhlandZ

Other sources of information about Eriocaulon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eriocaulon
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eriocaulon
Flora of Malawi: Eriocaulon
Flora of Zambia: Eriocaulon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriocaulon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriocaulon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriocaulon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriocaulon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriocaulon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriocaulon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriocaulon
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriocaulon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriocaulon
Plants of the World Online: Eriocaulon
Tropicos: Eriocaulon
Wikipedia: Eriocaulon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Eriocaulon.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=312, retrieved 4 December 2023

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