963.000 Gloriosa L.

Maroyi, A. (2012) The genus Gloriosa (Colchicaceae) - ethnobotany, phylogeny and taxonomy Wageningen University, Netherlands

Description of the genus

Perennial herb, sometimes climbing or scrambling. Tubers L-shaped, the new growth from the tips of one or both lobes. Leaves cauline, ovate, alternate, less often opposite or whorled, sessile; apex attenuate into a recurved tendril. Flowers in upper part of stem on long pedicels. Perianth of 6 free, equal, ovate-acuminate, yellow to red or variously bicoloured, reflexed segments; margin sinuate or not. Filaments spreading. Ovary 3-locular with numerous ovules; style filiform, bent sharply outwards at base with 3 short arms. Capsule ovoid or cylindric, 3-valved, septicidally dehiscent. Seeds spherical, bright red.

Comment: In a recent thesis the genus Gloriosa was revised (Maroyi, 2012). The species G. superba L. was split up into various species with at least 3 occurring in Mozambique. These new concepts, however, do appear to be controversial and are not yet universally accepted. In the forthcoming volume of Colchicaceae for Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck, in prep.) it is argued that many of the distinguishing characters can be explained by ecological or environmental factors and are not consistent. Most of the newly described taxa, particularly those of relevance for Mozambique are not used and placed into synonym. Until more is known we follow this concept and remain to use G. superba as the accepted name for all Mozambican material.

Worldwide: c. 3 species in tropical Africa and Asia

Mozambique: 1 taxon.

Gloriosa superba

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
superba L.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Gloriosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gloriosa
Flora of Caprivi: Gloriosa
Flora of Malawi: Gloriosa
Flora of Zambia: Gloriosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gloriosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gloriosa

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gloriosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gloriosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gloriosa
Wikipedia: Gloriosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gloriosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gloriosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Gloriosa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=326, retrieved 30 March 2023

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