1110.000 Sansevieria Thunb.

La Croix, I. (2010) Dracaenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) 13-35

Obermeyer, A.A. (1992) Dracaenaceae: Sansevieria Flora of Southern Africa 5(3)

Description of the genus

Stemless, coarse, evergreen, drought-hardy perennials, strongly rhizomatous and forming colonies. Rhizome cylindric, thick and fibrous. Leaves sessile, arranged in a rosette or distichously. Inflorescence a dense, cylindric raceme. Flowers numerous, subsessile, in irregular clusters along the scape, nocturnal, delicately scented. Perianth with a long narrow tube, bulbous at base, with 6 spreading to recurved lobes. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1-3, bony.

Derivation of name: after Ramond de Sangro, born at Naples 1710, Prince of Sanseviero

Worldwide: Over 100 species in the dry tropics and South Africa, Madagascar, south Asia and Arabia

Mozambique: 13 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
aethiopica Thunb.ZDescription, Image
canaliculata CarrièreNImage
concinna N.E. Br.[LR-nt]MS,GIDescription, Image
downsii Chahin.[VU]NDescription, Image
hallii ChahinianTDescription, Image
hyacinthoides (L.) DruceN,Z,MS,GI,MImage
kirkii BakerT
longiflora SimsMS
metallica Gérôme & LabroyN,Z,T,MS,GI
pearsonii N.E. Br.Z,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
pedicellata la Croix[NrEnd]MSImage
stuckyi God.-Leb.N,Z
subspicata Baker[End]N,Z,MS,GI,M

Other sources of information about Sansevieria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sansevieria
Flora of Caprivi: Sansevieria
Flora of Malawi: Sansevieria
Flora of Zambia: Sansevieria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sansevieria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Sansevieria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sansevieria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sansevieria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sansevieria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sansevieria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sansevieria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sansevieria
JSTOR Plant Science: Sansevieria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sansevieria
Plants of the World Online: Sansevieria
Tropicos: Sansevieria
Wikipedia: Sansevieria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Sansevieria.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=358, retrieved 25 September 2023

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