4503.000 Monadenium Pax

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Small trees, shrubs or perennial herbs with milky latex. Stems and branches succulent. Stipules 0 or modified as glands or spines. Leaves alternate, fleshy. Inflorescences axillary with sessile cyathia in dichotomously branching cymes, rarely solitary; bracts paired, persistent. Cyathium with glands forming an entire rim, notched on the lower side, surrounding 5-fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups, bracteolate. Female flower stalked; ovary 3-locular; styles 3 with 2-fid stigmas. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, exserted through the notch in the glandular rim, dehiscent. Seeds with a cap-like pale yellow caruncle, rarely ecarunculate.

Worldwide: Over 70 spp, occurring in eastern tropical Africa from Somalia in the north to the northern province of South Africa and west into Angola

Mozambique: 6 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
crenatum N.E. Br.MS
lugardiae N.E. Br.GI,MDescription, Image
pedunculatum S. CarterNImage
rugosum S. CarterN
spinulosum S. CarterT,MS
torrei L.C. LeachN

Other sources of information about Monadenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium
Flora of Malawi: Monadenium
Flora of Zambia: Monadenium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monadenium

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monadenium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monadenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Monadenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monadenium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Monadenium.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=877, retrieved 13 August 2020

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