4709.000 Pyrenacantha Wight

Clarke, H. & Charters, M. (ed. Moll, E.) (2016) The Illustrated Dictionary of Southern African Plant Names Jacana Media, South Africa

Description of the genus

Dioecious or monoecious, lianes or climbing shrubs. Leaves alternate. Inflorescences of spikes or racemes. Flowers unisexual. Calyx 0. Petals forming a 4(-5-) lobed corolla, which is persistent in fruit. Male flowers: stamens alternating with petals; vestigial ovary present. Female flowers: vestigial staminodes alternating with petals; ovary ovoid, crowned by a sessile stigma. Fruits broadly ovoid, usually flattened; endocarp spiny on the inner face.

Derivation of name: from Pyren which is Greek for fruit-stone or kernel and akanthos which is thorn. It refers to the peg-like or thorn-like protuberances that impact the inner walls of the fruit.

Worldwide: 20 species in the Old World tropics.

Mozambique: 4 taxa.

Pyrenacantha kirkii

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
grandiflora Baill.MDescription, Image
kaurabassana Baill.N,Z,T,MS,MDescription, Image
kirkii Baill.Z,MSDescription, Image
scandens Planch. ex Harv.GIDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Pyrenacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pyrenacantha
Flora of Zambia: Pyrenacantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pyrenacantha

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pyrenacantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pyrenacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Pyrenacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrenacantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pyrenacantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Pyrenacantha.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=898, retrieved 19 February 2018

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