Lycopodiella sarcocaulon (A. Braun & Welw. ex Kuhn) Pic.Serm.

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Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muvumodzi headwaters, Chimanimani Mts

Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muvumodzi headwaters, Chimanimani Mts

Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muvumodzi headwaters, Chimanimani Mts

Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

Photo: Petra Ballings
Plateau below Nhandore peak, Mt. Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lycopodiella caroliniana (L.) Pic.Serm. var. grandifolia (Spring) Verdc.
Lycopodium carolinianum L. var. grandifolium Spring
Lycopodium sarcocaulon A.Braun & Welw. ex Kuhn
Common names:
Status: Native
Stem branched, up to 6 mm in diameter, creeping on the ground for most of its length, rooting along their length. Leaves dimorphic; lateral leaves fleshy, spreading, oblong to sickle shaped, 15 × 3 mm, up to 3 times larger than the dorsal leaves; dorsal leaves appressed, ovate to lanceolate, up to 4 × 3 mm. Strobili solitary, borne at the apex of an erect peduncle; peduncle sparsely set with reduced appressed leaves, 7 - 30 cm long. Sporophylls broadly ovate-acuminate with a deflexed point, up to 5.5 × 2 mm.
Notes: L. sarcocaulon can be distinguished from L. caroliana by having fleshy lateral leaves that are much bigger than the dorsal leaves.
Derivation of specific name: Sarcocaulon: fleshy stem, species stem of a fleshy nature
Habitat: Among grasses and sedges in marshy ground.
Altitude range: 100 - 1800 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 21 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 23.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 18.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 21 - 22.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 79.

Other sources of information about Lycopodiella sarcocaulon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Flora of Zambia: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Plants of the World Online: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Tropicos: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon
Wikipedia: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Lycopodiella sarcocaulon., retrieved 5 March 2024

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