Ptisana fraxinea (Sm.) Murdock
var. salicifolia (Schrad.) Murdock

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Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Northeastern slopes Mt Mabu

Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Northeastern slopes Mt Mabu

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Marattia dregeana C. Presl
Marattia fraxinea sensu Sim
Marattia fraxinea Sm. ex J.F.Gmel. var. salicifolia (Schrad.) C.Chr.
Marattia natalensis C. Presl
Marattia salicifolia Schrad.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome massive, forming an upright caudex. Stipe up to 1 m long, fleshy, light green, base swollen and flanked by a pair of thick stipules. Lamina 1-3 × 0.5-1.5 m, bipinnate, ovate in outline. Pinnules glabrous, narrowly oblong-lanceolate in outline, margin sharply toothed, apex attenuate base unequally cuneate, venation prominent below. Synangia very distinctive, capsular with linear opening, situated singly towards the end of each vein, c. 2 × 1 mm.
Derivation of specific name: fraxinea: resembling the genus Fraxinus;
salicifolia: with leaves like a Salix (a willow).
Habitat: Along streams in deeply shaded evergreen forest
Altitude range: Up to 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Eswatini, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also in tropical Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 21 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 49. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 82.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 36. as Marattia fraxinea (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 138 - 139.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12. As Marattia fraxinea

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25. As Marattia fraxinea

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 166 - 168. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 35. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 31 - 32.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 38 - 40. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 1. As Marattia fraxinea

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 79.

Other sources of information about Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia
Flora of Zambia: Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ptisana fraxinea
African Plant Database: Ptisana fraxinea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ptisana fraxinea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ptisana fraxinea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ptisana fraxinea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ptisana fraxinea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ptisana fraxinea
JSTOR Plant Science: Ptisana fraxinea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ptisana fraxinea
Plants of the World Online: Ptisana fraxinea
Tropicos: Ptisana fraxinea
Wikipedia: Ptisana fraxinea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Ptisana fraxinea var. salicifolia., retrieved 7 December 2023

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