Hymenophyllum capillare (Desv.) Copel.
var. alternialatum (Pic.Serm.) Faden

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Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
At the base of unnamed peak north of plateau below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa

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Synonyms: Sphaerocionium capillare (Desv.) Copel. var. alternialatum Pic. Serm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome slender, wiry, widely creeping. Stipe 15-50 mm long, wiry, not winged but sparsely clothed with fine stellate hairs. Lamina pendulous, oblong-linear, up to 55 × 3 cm, 2- or 3-pinnatifid, membranous. Pinnae pinnatifid into up to 7 linear lobes, apices rounded, margins entire, both surfaces set with stellate hairs with long radiating arms. Rhachis not winged, hairy. Sori at the apices of the lobes in the distal area of each pinna, obconic with rounded indusial valves set with stellate hairs.
Notes: H. capillare can be distinguished from other species by its hairy fronds and a rhachis that is not winged.
Derivation of specific name: capillare: "capillus": hair, the fronds are hairy; alternialatum: alternating wings, probably referring to the alternate arrangement of the pinnae
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in deeply shaded evergreen mist forest.
Altitude range: 1300 - 2150 m
Worldwide distribution: From south-central Africa extending to central, east and north-east Africa; also Ghana, Madagascar and the Comoro and Mascarene islands.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 99. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85. As Hymenophyllum capillare Desv.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 31. as Sphaerocionium capillare

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32. As Hymenophyllum capillare

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11. As Sphaerocionium capillare

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26. As Hymenophyllum capillare

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 195. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7. As sphaerocionium capillare

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 44. As Sphaerocionium capillare

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 44.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenophyllum capillare
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenophyllum capillare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum capillare
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenophyllum capillare
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenophyllum capillare
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenophyllum capillare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenophyllum capillare
iNaturalist: Hymenophyllum capillare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum capillare
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum capillare
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenophyllum capillare
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenophyllum capillare
Plants of the World Online: Hymenophyllum capillare
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum capillare
Wikipedia: Hymenophyllum capillare

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100490, retrieved 25 October 2021

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