Pellaea pectiniformis Baker

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Pellaea pectiniformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts

Pellaea pectiniformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Pellaea pectiniformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

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Synonyms: Allosorus pectiniformis (Baker) Kuntze
Pellaea goudotii Kunze ex C. Chr.
Pteridella pectiniformis (Baker) Mett. ex Kuhn
Pteris pectiniformis Godet ex Kuhn
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping to semi-erect, up to 8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales dark brown, subentire, narrowly lanceolate, apex gradualy tapering to a point, up to 4 mm long. Fronds tufted, erect, coriaceous. Stipe dark brown to black, up to 30 cm long, with short, brown, hairlike scales mixed with sparse larger and broader scales, becoming subglabrous with age. Lamina narrowly oblong to lanceolate in outline, up to 13-30 cm × 4-9 cm, pinnate, up to 48 pairs of subopposite to alternate pinnae. Pinnae linear in outline, up to 18-60 mm × 1-2 mm, apex rounded, cordate base articulated to a very short petiole, glabrous above, sparsely hairy along the costae, veins hardly visible. Rhachis dark brown, thinly pilose. Sori marginal, continuous; indusium erose to entire, membranous, continuous.
Notes: Unlike other Pellaea species P. pectiniformis is never bipinnate. It could be confused with P. doniana, which has broader and less numerous ovate-lanceolate pinnae.
Derivation of specific name: pectiniformis: combshaped, referring to the shape of the lamina which has close, narrow and parallel pinnae.
Habitat: Rock crevices, shallow soils on sheetrock, boulder bases and rocky outcrops in miombo woodland, exposed or lightly shaded.
Altitude range: 900 - 1530 m
Worldwide distribution: South and tropical Africa, Madagascar and Comoro Islands.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,MS
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 174 - 175. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 88.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 416 - 417. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 14.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 270 - 271. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 57 - 58.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 72.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 190 - 191.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 128 - 129.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Pellaea pectiniformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pellaea pectiniformis
Flora of Zambia: Pellaea pectiniformis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pellaea pectiniformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pellaea pectiniformis
African Plant Database: Pellaea pectiniformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pellaea pectiniformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pellaea pectiniformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pellaea pectiniformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pellaea pectiniformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pellaea pectiniformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pellaea pectiniformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pellaea pectiniformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pellaea pectiniformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Pellaea pectiniformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pellaea pectiniformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pellaea pectiniformis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pellaea pectiniformis
Tropicos: Pellaea pectiniformis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Pellaea pectiniformis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100960, retrieved 20 June 2019

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