Hypolepis sparsisora (Schrad.) Kuhn

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Hypolepis sparsisora

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Cheilanthes aspera Kaulf.
Cheilanthes commutata Kunze
Cheilanthes sparsisora Schrad.
Hypolepis anthriscifolia (Schltdl.) C. Presl
Hypolepis aspera (Kaulf.) C.Presl
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome widely creeping, subterranean, up to 9 mm in diameter; rhizome hairs pale brown, c. 1 mm long. Fronds widely spaced, finely divided, glabrous, erect. stipe up to 1 m long, glabrous at maturity, pale brown. Lamina 1 × 0.8 m, ovate in outline, 4- to 5-pinnatifid. Pinnae spreading horizontally; ultimate pinnules oblong-lanceolate, bases joined to the costules. Sori small, 0.5-1 mm wide, oval, borne singly in the sinuses between the lobes; indusium subentire, elongate.
Notes: Differs from other species by having a soft lamina texture and finely divided fronds (4- to 5-pinnatifid). Can be distinguished from Microlepia speluncae by having a glabrous lamina and pinna that are set at right angles to the rachis. Hypolepis sparsisora favours high-light conditions whereas Microlepia speluncea prefers shaded areas.
Derivation of specific name: sparsisora: scattered, sparse sori; one thought that this species had fewer sori than most others in the genus.
Habitat: In evergreen forest that receives high rainfall and/or frequent mist, in clearings with high light levels.
Altitude range: Up to 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and Madagascan region.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 106 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 286 - 287. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 211 - 212. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 91. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 110.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 92. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hypolepis sparsisora:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Hypolepis sparsisora
Flora of Malawi: Hypolepis sparsisora
Flora of Zambia: Hypolepis sparsisora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hypolepis sparsisora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hypolepis sparsisora
African Plant Database: Hypolepis sparsisora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hypolepis sparsisora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hypolepis sparsisora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hypolepis sparsisora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hypolepis sparsisora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hypolepis sparsisora
JSTOR Plant Science: Hypolepis sparsisora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hypolepis sparsisora
Plants of the World Online: Hypolepis sparsisora
Tropicos: Hypolepis sparsisora
Wikipedia: Hypolepis sparsisora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hypolepis sparsisora.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101340, retrieved 22 June 2024

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