Pyrrosia rhodesiana (C. Chr.) Schelpe

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Pyrrosia rhodesiana

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

Pyrrosia rhodesiana

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

Pyrrosia rhodesiana

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ridge above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa.

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Synonyms: Cyclophorus madagascariensis C.Chr.
Cyclophorus oblanceolatus C.Chr.
Cyclophorus rhodesianus C.Chr.
Pyrrosia madagascariensis (C.Chr.) Schelpe
Common names:
Rhizome creeping, c. 2 mm in diameter; rhizome scales reddish-brown, shining, lanceolate, c. 6 mm long, margins practically entire towards the apex, finely toothed towards the base. Fronds simple, spaced apart, thick, coriaceous. Stipe badly defined, up to 1 cm long, broadening gradually into the lamina, covered with hairs simular to those on the lamina. Lamina narrowly lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, up to 30 × 3 cm, apex sharply pointed to rounded, base tapering, margin entire, midrib slightly prominent on both surfaces; lamina covered with a dense coat of light brown, stellate hairs with slender arms of c. 1 mm long, upper surface soon becoming (sub)glabrous, stipe only much later. Sori c. 0.5 mm, scattered over greater part of frond, hardly visible due to the dense tomentum.
Notes: Can be confused with Pyrrosia schimperiana which has fronds that are covered with more whitish hairs with short, flat arms.
Derivation of specific name: rhodesiana: of Rhodesia; the type locality is from Zimbabwe, formely Rhodesia
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in semi-deciduous or evergreen forest on east- or south-facing slopes.
Altitude range: 800 - 1650 m
Worldwide distribution: Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 191 - 192. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 90.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 304. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 97 - 98.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 165.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 147. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Pyrrosia rhodesiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pyrrosia rhodesiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
African Plant Database: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
iNaturalist: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrrosia rhodesiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Plants of the World Online: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Tropicos: Pyrrosia rhodesiana
Wikipedia: Pyrrosia rhodesiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Pyrrosia rhodesiana., retrieved 23 March 2023

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